Common Air Conditioning Issues and How to Address Them

How to Prepare For a New AC Installation Service
Source: Pixabay

No matter whether it’s a home or an office building, air conditioning systems are vital for maintaining comfort during hot weather. However, they can encounter problems that hinder their performance. Being aware of common AC issues and knowing how to address them can help to keep your system running smoothly. Here’s a detailed look at some typical air conditioning problems and their solutions.

1. AC Not Turning On

If your AC unit doesn’t start when the thermostat is set to cooling mode and there’s no sound or activity from the indoor or outdoor units, the issue could be due to a blown fuse, tripped circuit breaker, or thermostat problems. To address this, check the circuit breaker and reset any tripped breakers. Replace fuses if they’re blown.

2. Inadequate Cooling

When the AC runs but doesn’t cool the house effectively or the air from the vents isn’t as cold as expected, it might be due to an undersized AC unit, low refrigerant levels, or dirty filters and coils. Ensure the AC unit is an appropriate size for your home. Have a professional from a company like Apex Clean Air check and recharge the refrigerant levels if necessary. Regularly clean or replace filters and clean the coils.

3. Short Cycling

Short cycling, where the AC system turns on and off frequently without completing a full cooling cycle, can result from an oversized AC unit, thermostat issues, or refrigerant leaks. Ensure your AC unit is the correct size for your space and check that the thermostat isn’t in a location that receives direct sunlight or drafts. Have a technician check for and repair refrigerant leaks.

4. Water Leaks

If you notice puddles of water around the indoor unit or dripping moisture near the AC, this may be caused by a clogged condensate drain line, frozen evaporator coils, or improper installation. Use a wet/dry vacuum to clear the clogs in the condensate line. If coils are frozen, turn off the AC to let them thaw and then address the underlying issue causing the freeze. Ensure the unit is installed correctly to allow proper drainage.

5. Unusual Odors

Musty, burning, or foul smells coming from the AC can result from mold or mildew growth, burned-out wiring, or accumulated dirt and debris. Clean the unit and replace filters regularly to prevent mold and mildew. Have a technician inspect and repair any electrical issues. Use AC-specific deodorizers or air purifiers to eliminate odors.

6. Weak Airflow

Weak or inconsistent airflow from vents can be due to clogged filters, blocked vents, or issues with the blower fan. Replace or clean filters to improve airflow. Ensure all vents and registers are open and unobstructed. Have a technician inspect and service the blower fan if necessary.

7. AC Running Constantly

If the AC runs continuously without shutting off, it can result from an oversized unit, a faulty thermostat, or issues with the fan limit switch. Ensure the AC is the correct size for your home. Inspect and replace the thermostat if necessary. Have a technician inspect and repair the fan limit switch.

Understanding and addressing common air conditioning issues can help to maintain the efficiency and reliability of your system. Regular maintenance, prompt repairs, and professional inspections are key to preventing problems and ensuring a comfortable indoor environment. When in doubt, always consult a certified HVAC technician to diagnose and fix complex issues, ensuring your AC unit runs smoothly throughout its lifespan.

About the author

Saman Iqbal

Saman is a law student. She enjoys writing about tech, politics and the world in general. She's an avid reader and writes fictional prose in her free time.

Daily Newsletter