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South Korea, US revise deterrence agreement to counter North Korea

US says China building up nuclear capacity faster than expected
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US and South Korean defence chiefs on Monday updated a key military agreement against nuclear-armed North Korea for the first time in a decade as they hailed their “stronger than ever” alliance.

US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin is in Seoul for an annual security meeting with his South Korean counterpart Shin Won-sik, as the allies ramp up their defence cooperation in the face of growing missile and nuclear threats from Pyongyang.

At the Security Consultative Meeting, the defence chiefs revised the Tailored Deterrence Strategy (TDS), a deal on joint deterrence strategies to counter North Korea’s nuclear weapons and other arms, according to a joint statement.

The revisions mean the deal will allow the allies to more effectively “deter and respond to advancing DPRK nuclear and other WMD and non-nuclear capabilities with strategic impacts,” it said, using the North’s formal name.

First adopted in 2013, the allies had been working to update the document to better reflect Pyongyang’s rapidly advancing nuclear and missile threats, according to the Yonhap news agency.

This year, Seoul and Washington have staged joint military exercises involving advanced stealth jets and US strategic assets.

An American nuclear-armed submarine made a South Korean port call in July — the first in four decades — while a US B-52 heavy bomber landed on the Korean peninsula “for the first time this century,” Austin noted during a joint press conference after the meeting.

“I’m proud to say our alliance is stronger than ever,” he said.

Despite many conflicts around the world, Seoul’s defence minister Shin said that Seoul and Washington maintained “the most powerful alliance in history and the world”.

“If North Korea provokes war, as confirmed by the leaders of both countries, what will be eliminated will be the Kim Jong Un regime, and what will be achieved will be unification based on the liberal democratic order led by the Republic of Korea,” he said.

The top officials agreed to work closely to “expand the scale and types of field exercises” in line with combined trainings next year, according to the joint statement.

“Considering DPRK’s advancing nuclear and missile capabilities and institutionalisation of its nuclear force policy, they pledged to further discuss the inclusion of a DPRK nuclear use during a future US-ROK combined exercise,” it said.

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Agence France-Presse (AFP) is a French international news agency headquartered in Paris, France. Founded in 1835 as Havas, it is the world's oldest news agency.

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