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Uganda court to rule Wednesday on harsh anti-gay law

US lawmakers move to bar Pride flags over embassies
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Uganda’s Constitutional Court will deliver a landmark verdict on Wednesday in a case challenging anti-gay legislation that is considered among the harshest in the world.

The law was adopted in May last year, triggering outrage among rights campaigners, the United Nations and Western powers.

Known as the Anti-Homosexuality Act 2023, it imposes penalties of up to life in prison for consensual same-sex relations and contains provisions that make “aggravated homosexuality” an offence punishable by death.

President Yoweri Museveni’s government has struck a defiant tone, with officials accusing the West of trying to pressure Africa into accepting homosexuality.

The Constitutional Court in Kampala will issue its verdict from 10 am (0700 GMT) on Wednesday, deputy registrar Susanne Okeny Anyala announced on Tuesday.

The court challenge was brought by two law professors from Makerere University in Kampala, legislators from the ruling party and human rights activists seeking to overturn the law.

They say it violates fundamental rights guaranteed by Uganda’s constitution, including freedom from discrimination and the right to privacy.

The petitioners also say it contravenes Uganda’s commitments under international human rights law, including the United Nations convention against torture.

In issuing its long-awaited verdict, the court will also determine whether the law was passed after sufficient consultation with Ugandan citizens, as required by the constitution.

A 20-year-old man became the first Ugandan to be charged with “aggravated homosexuality” under the contested law in August last year.

He was accused of “unlawful sexual intercourse with… (a) male adult aged 41”, an offence punishable by death.

Uganda, a conservative predominantly Christian country in East Africa, is notorious for its intolerance of homosexuality.

It has resisted pressure from rights organisations, the United Nations and foreign governments to repeal the law.

The United States, which threatened to cut aid and investment to Kampala, imposed visa bans on unnamed officials in December for abusing human rights, including those of the LGBTQ community.

The World Bank announced in August it was suspending new loans to Uganda over the law, which “fundamentally contradicts” the values espoused by the US-based lender.

In December, Ugandan state minister for foreign affairs Henry Okello Oryem, accused the West of seeking “to coerce us into accepting same-sex relationships using aid and loans”.

In 2014, international donors had slashed aid to Uganda after Museveni approved a bill that sought to impose life imprisonment for homosexual relations, which was later overturned.

But the latest anti-gay law has enjoyed broad support in the conservative country, where lawmakers have defended the measures as a necessary bulwark against Western immorality.

Last month, a Ugandan court dismissed an appeal by a gay rights group seeking government registration, ruling that it aimed to promote “unlawful” activities.

The Court of Appeal said any registration of the group Sexual Minorities Uganda (SMUG) was against the public interest and national policy.



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Agence France-Presse (AFP) is a French international news agency headquartered in Paris, France. Founded in 1835 as Havas, it is the world's oldest news agency.

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