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In 2023, Spain logged lowest birthrate in 8 decades

Japan births hit new record low
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Spain’s national birthrate hit a record low in 2023, falling to its lowest level since records began over eight decades ago, the National Statistics Institute (INE) said Wednesday.

Last year, Spain registered 322,075 births, reflecting “a 2.0 percent fall on the previous year”, an INE statement said, with a spokesman confirming it was the lowest figure since records began in 1941.

Spain’s fertility rate is the second lowest in the European Union, with the latest figures from Eurostat showing there were 1.19 births per woman in 2021, compared with 1.13 in Malta and 1.25 in Italy.

The rate is well below the threshold of 2.1 that experts say is needed to maintain population levels.

Since 2013, the number of births in Spain has fallen by 24.1 percent, the INE said, while there has been an increased trend in delayed childbearing.

“The number of births by mothers aged 40 and up… has grown by 19.3 percent in the last 10 years,” it said.

In 2023, the number of deaths was higher than that of births for the seventh year running, in a so-called birth deficit, with deaths exceeding the number of births by 113,256, the figures showed.

Despite that, Spain’s population grew by 1.26 percent in 2022, passing 48 million, among them more than six million foreigners, statistics showed late last year.

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Agence France-Presse (AFP) is a French international news agency headquartered in Paris, France. Founded in 1835 as Havas, it is the world's oldest news agency.

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